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Summary of occupation

Stonemasons cut and shape a range of hard and soft blocks in materials such as granite, marble, limestone, sandstone, bluestone and slate to produce stone monuments and structures. They make kitchen benchtops and bathroom vanities, or may specialise in commercial stone facades, architectural features such as fireplaces and window frames, or ornamental garden pieces. They may also repair and maintain historical monuments or buildings.

In Western Australia, stonemasons work on residential and commercial projects, and on old buildings, churches and monuments throughout the State.

ANZSCO description: Cuts and shapes hard and soft stone blocks and masonry slabs to construct and renovate stone structures and monumental masonry. Registration or licensing may be required.
Alternative names: Construction mason, Finisher, Letter cutter, Stone fixer, Stonemason – machinist
Job prospects: Average
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Knowledge, skills and attributes

A stonemason needs:

  • to be able to understand and interpret technical drawings and plans
  • the ability to work accurately with attention to detail
  • good hand-eye coordination
  • to enjoy practical work
  • a high level of physical fitness
  • to work well as part of a team.
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Working conditions

​Stonemasons work both indoors in manufacturing workshops or factories, and outdoors on residential, commercial and historical buildings. Stone workshops and factories are well ventilated spaces. Stonemasons may be required to work at heights on scaffolding and are required to follow proper workplace safety standards, which minimises any associated risks. They may work overtime or on weekends, depending on the project requirements.

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Salary details

​On average, bricklayers and stonemasons can expect to earn between $1 000 and $1 249 per week ($52 000 and $64 999 per year), depending on the type of organisation they work for, and their level of experience.

Many stonemasons are self-employed and/or work as part of a team as an individual sub-contractor. Earnings for sub-contractors or small business operators will depend on their level of skill and experience, the level of demand for their services, as well as the amount of work completed.

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Tools and technologies

​Stonemasons interpret blueprints to plan the materials required, and use a range of equipment such as planing machines, gang saws, diamond circular saws and polishers to split, shape and polish stone products.  They work from templates and use a variety of chisels, punches and hammers to cut and carve ornamental masonry.

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Education and training/entrance requirements

​To become a stonemason you need to complete an apprenticeship. The stonemason (monumental) and stonemason (restoration) apprenticeships usually take 42 months to complete and are available as school-based apprenticeships.

Workers in the construction industry must undergo safety induction training and be issued with a Construction Induction Card (commonly known as a “white card”). In Western Australia, training is conducted by registered training organisations authorised by the WorkSafe Division of the Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety.

In Western Australia, sub-contractors carrying out construction work valued at more than $20 000 must be accredited or work under the supervision of someone who is accredited, as a registered building practitioner. Contact the Building Commission Division of the Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety​ for more information.

Related courses

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Apprenticeships and traineeships

As an apprentice or trainee, you enter into a formal training contract with an employer. You spend most of your time working and learning practical skills on the job and you spend some time undertaking structured training with a registered training provider of your choice. They will assess your skills and when you are competent in all areas, you will be awarded a nationally recognised qualification.

If you are still at school you can access an apprenticeship through your school. You generally start your school based apprenticeship by attending school three days a week, spending one day at a registered training organisation and one day at work. Talk to your school's VET Co-ordinator to start your training now through VET in Schools. If you get a full-time apprenticeship you can apply to leave school before reaching the school leaving age.

If you are no longer at school you can apply for an apprenticeship or traineeship and get paid while you learn and work.

Related apprenticeships

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Recognition of prior learning

If you think you already have some of the skills or competencies, obtained either through non-formal or informal learning, you may be able to gain credit through recognition of prior learning.

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